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Azoospermia

At Men’s Health Clinic Manitoba, we specialize in diagnosing and offering treatment options for azoospermia in Winnipeg.

Azoospermia Treatment in Winnipeg

Azoospermia is a condition where no sperm cells are found in the semen, posing challenges for men trying to conceive. While this might sound alarming, it’s essential to understand that with advancements in medical science, many cases of azoospermia are now treatable.

The causes behind azoospermia can be varied, ranging from blockages in the reproductive tract (obstructive azoospermia) to issues with sperm production (non-obstructive azoospermia). Pinpointing the cause is the first step, followed by tailored treatments which might include surgical procedures, hormone therapies, or assisted reproductive techniques.

Treatment Highlights

Treatable Condition

Azoospermia, while posing challenges for conception, is often treatable with advancements in medical science.

Personalized Treatments

Tailored approaches such as surgery, hormone therapies, or assisted reproductive techniques address underlying causes, improving fertility for individuals with azoospermia.

Frequently Asked Questions

There are two types of Azoospermia.

  • Obstructive Azoospermia (blockage preventing sperm from coming out)

  • Non-Obstructive Azoospermia (not enough sperm being produced to come out even no sperm at all being produced)

Azoospermia, is relatively uncommon, occurring in about 1% of all men and in 10-15% of infertile men. It can be caused by various factors, including hormonal issues, genetic conditions, obstruction of the reproductive tract, or testicular failure. The specific prevalence can vary based on the population studied and the underlying causes considered.

Obstructive azoospermia is when the testicles are able to produce sperm but there is an issue that prevents the sperm from travelling from the testis and coming out. 

What can cause Obstructive Azoospermia?

  • The most common example is a vasectomy 

  • Cystic Fibrosis (congenital lung disease) - in nearly all men with Cystic Fibrosis - the vas and epididymis ducts do not form properly. A large proportion of men (>95%) with Cystic Fibrosis do not have any vas deferens (congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens).

  • Most men with Cystic Fibrosis do produce sperm normally and therefore, sperm extraction is required to have a baby.

  • Ejaculatory Duct Obstruction - this can be either blocked by congenital cysts (some men are born with) or from infections.

  • Phimosis - Narrowing of the foreskin which prevents semen to come out properly. 

  • Scarring along the ducts - sexually transmitted infections can cause blockage along the ducts that sperm swim.

NOA is a set of disorders that cause a male to not produce sperm in the ejaculate. All these conditions either lead to a decrease in production or no production of sperm at all. 

What can cause Non-Obstructive Azoospermia?

There are 2 main categories of causes of NOA. 

Pre-Testicular - these are caused by conditions that disrupt the hormones from producing sperm appropriately. 

  • Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism - pituitary gland is not functioning properly to make the necessary hormones that allow for sperm production.

  • Hypothyroidism 

  • Medications 

  • Kallman’s Syndrome 

Testicular - there is an underlying issue within the testicle preventing the normal production of sperm.  

  • Varicoceles - in rare cases can cause azoospermia by hindering normal sperm development.

  • Bilateral undescended testicles 

  • Testicular Cancer 

  • Previous radiation or chemotherapy

  • Mump orchitis 

  • Genetic syndromes such as Klinefelters (XXY) 

OBSTRUCTIVE AZOOSPERMIA TREATMENTS

  • Microsurgical Vasectomy Reversal

  • Microsurgical Reconstruction  

  • Sperm extraction (sperm retrieved can be used for in-vitro fertilization) 

  • Transurethral Resection of the Ejaculatory Duct - surgical procedure where the blockage is removed in the urethra.

  • Circumcision 

     

NON-OBSTRUCTIVE AZOOSPERMIA (NOA) TREATMENTS

  • Depending on the underlying etiology, this may involve medications or surgical sperm extraction (mTESE)

  • If testosterone is found to be low, medications will be used to boost your own testosterone to produce more sperm.

  • Microsurgical Testicular Sperm Extraction (mTESE) - during this procedure, doctors are able to find sperm in ~50-65% of cases.

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Office Location

Men's Health Clinic Manitoba
Unit 3, 655 Sterling Lyon Pkwy Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3P 2S8
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Mail Address

info@mhclinic.ca